Nagpur veterinary College was established on 1st July 1958. Late Hon,ble Shri Y. B. Chavan, the then Chief Minister of the Govt. Of Bombay inaugurated this college in the convocation Hall of Nagpur University. The college was named as Nagpur Veterinary College, on the similar line as Bombay Veterinary College. Initially the Departments of Anatomy, Physiology and Animal Husbandry were established and then other departments in phases were established. In 1968 this college was affiliated to Nagpur University and the administrative control was with the state department of Animal Husbandry. In the year 1969 Maharashtra Agricultural University was established and this college become the constituent college of Agricultural University Rahuri and later on of Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola. After the establishment of Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University, Nagpur on 3rd December, 2000, this college become a the constituent college of this University.
Before the transfer of this college to Agricultural University till 1968 the college was imparting only under graduate teaching programme i.e. B.V.Sc. & A.H. Intake capacity of student of that time was 45 only. After transfer and constituent college of Agricultural University the work of Teaching, Research and Extension become the mandate. So also the intake capacity of under graduate students was increased from 45 to 65, then 80 and presently 71. Regular Post Graduate teaching programme M.V.Sc. was introduced in the year 1972 in Clinical and Production subjects. At present P>G. Programme is operated in 15 disciplines with intake capacity of 2 students in each discipline. Ph.D. programme by course work in the discipline of Anatomy and Animal Nutrition has been started during the year 2003. In service Ph.D. facility has been made available for the academic staff member of the university with a view to acquire the higher qualification and thereby enhancing the quality of education.